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Synthesis and stability studies of the glutathione and N-acetylcysteine adducts of an iminoquinone reactive intermediate generated in the biotransformation of 3-(N-phenylamino)propane-1,2-diol: implications for toxic oil syndrome

AuthorsMartínez-Cabot, Anna; Morató, Anna; Messeguer Peypoch, Ángel
KeywordsToxic Oil Syndrome
Epidemiological studie
Issue Date1-Oct-2005
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationChemical Research in Toxicology 18(11): 1721–1728 (2005)
AbstractEpidemiological studies have pointed to fatty acid mono- and diesters of 3-(N-phenylamino)propane-1,2-diol (PAP) as the biomarkers of the toxic oil batches that caused toxic oil syndrome (TOS), an intoxication episode that occurred in Spain in 1981, causing over 400 deaths and affecting more than 20000 people. The biotransformation of PAP administered intraperitoneally to two mouse strains produced potentially toxic metabolites. The identification of 3-(4‘-hydroxyphenylamino)propane-1,2-diol among those metabolites was important because the compound can generate the quinoneimine intermediate 2. The potential toxicity of quinoneimines has been attributed primarily to their electrophilic character. Accordingly, the reactions of 2 with N-acetylcysteine, N-acetylcysteine methyl ester, and GSH were investigated. Quinoneimine 2 reacts with the N-acetylcysteine methyl ester to give the expected conjugate as a major product, accompanied by the corresponding bis and tris adducts. The monoadduct, when isolated in pure form, undergoes spontaneous oxidation to generate a new quinoneimine intermediate, which in turn rearranges and undergoes hydrolysis to afford the thiol adduct formally derived from the quinoneimine generated from p-aminophenol. The same overall pathway was observed for the reaction of 2 with N-acetylcysteine and GSH. Both thiol reagents reacted with the quinoneimine to give the corresponding adducts in which the addition took place at the ortho position with respect to the amino group. These conjugates were also unstable and ultimately afforded the corresponding adduct derived from p-aminophenol. The relevancy of these results to TOS, as well as their potential generalization for quinoneimines derived from other xenobiotics, is discussed herein.
Description8 pages, 4 figures, 5 schemes.-- PMID: 16300381 [PubMed].-- Printed version published Nov 2005.-- Supporting information available at: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/tx050171n
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/tx050171n
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