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Multi-Criteria Analyses of Urban Planning for City Expansion: A Case Study of Zamora, Spain

AuthorsCriado, Marco; Martínez-Graña, Antonio Miguel; Santos-Francés, Fernando; Veleda, Sergio; Zazo, Caridad
Issue Date16-Oct-2017
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationSustainability 9 (10): 1850 (2017)
AbstractThis study has established a methodology to determine the most environmentally suitable area for the expansion of Zamora (Spain) using geographic information system (GIS) technology. The objective was to develop a GIS-based methodology for the identification of urban peripheral areas that are suitable for the accommodation of new buildings and services, that are compliant with environmental criteria, and that guarantee an adequate quality of life for the future population such that extra construction costs are avoided. The methodological core is based on two multi-criteria analyses (MCAs): MCA-1 determines areas suitable for building—the most environmentally sustainable areas that do not present risks or discomforts to the population—by analyzing the restrictive factors; MCA-2 takes the sectors that received a favorable evaluation in MCA-1, determines which of those have a lower economic overhead for construction, and analyzes the different conditioning criteria related to their pre-existing infrastructures. Finally, the location of the sectors is determined by a decision factor that satisfies some strategic need of the municipality.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.3390/su9101850
Identifiersdoi: 10.3390/su9101850
Appears in Collections:(MNCN) Artículos
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