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Tracing platinum accumulation kinetics in oyster Crassostrea gigas, a sentinel species in coastal marine environments

AutorAbdou, M.; Cobelo-García, A. ; Soto, Manu
Palabras clavePGE
Exposure study
Fecha de publicación2018
CitaciónScience of the Total Environment 615: 652-663 (2018)
ResumenPlatinum Group Elements (PGEs) are extremely scarce in the Earth's Crust and of strong interest for high-end technologies due to their specific properties. They belong to the Technology Critical Elements (TCEs) for which use is forecast to increase, implying growing emissions into the environment in the following years. In particular, with the intensive use of platinum (Pt) in car catalytic converters, the anthropogenic geochemical cycle of this element has surpassed the natural cycle. Yet, environmental Pt levels are still in the sub picomolar range, making its analytical detection a challenge. Few studies cover the behavior of Pt in marine waters in terms of speciation, reactivity and possible transfer to the biota. In this study, oysters (Crassostrea gigas) from an unpolluted estuary were exposed to the stable isotope 194Pt in seawater at a range of concentrations during 35 days. Seawater was renewed daily and spiked to three nominal Pt concentrations (50, 100, and 10,000 ng·L− 1) for two replicate series. In addition, control conditions were monitored. Five oysters from each tank were dissected after 3, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 days of Pt exposure, and analyzed by ICP-MS. Accuracy of this analytical method applied to biological matrix was checked by an inter-method comparison with a voltammetrical technique. A concentration-dependent accumulation of Pt in oysters increasing with exposure time occurred. After 28 days, oyster Pt accumulation from low and intermediate exposure conditions reached a plateau. This was not the case of the highest exposure condition for which oyster tissues showed increasing concentrations until the last day of the experiment. A linear correlation exists between seawater concentrations and Pt content in oysters for low and intermediate exposure concentrations i.e. closer to environmental concentrations. By showing high Pt accumulation potential, oysters may serve as sentinels, ensuring biomonitoring of Pt concentrations in marine coastal waters
Descripción12 páginas, 4 figuras, 2 tablas.-- Melina Abdou ... et al.
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.09.078
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