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Extracting surface waves, hum and normal modes: time-scale phase-weighted stack and beyond

AuthorsVentosa, Sergio ; Schimmel, Martin ; Stutzmann, E.
KeywordsSeismic interferometry
Seismic noise
Surface waves and free oscillations
Wavelet transform
Issue DateOct-2017
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationGeophysical Journal International, 211(1): 30-44 (2017)
AbstractStacks of ambient noise correlations are routinely used to extract empirical Green's functions (EGFs) between station pairs. The time-frequency phase-weighted stack (tf-PWS) is a physically intuitive nonlinear denoising method that uses the phase coherence to improve EGF convergence when the performance of conventional linear averaging methods is not sufficient. The high computational cost of a continuous approach to the time-frequency transformation is currently a main limitation in ambient noise studies. We introduce the time-scale phaseweighted stack (ts-PWS) as an alternative extension of the phase-weighted stack that uses complex frames of wavelets to build a time-frequency representation that is much more efficient and fast to compute and that preserve the performance and flexibility of the tf-PWS. In addition, we propose two strategies: the unbiased phase coherence and the two-stage ts-PWS methods to further improve noise attenuation, quality of the extracted signals and convergence speed. We demonstrate that these approaches enable to extract minor-and major-arc Rayleigh waves (up to the sixth Rayleigh wave train) from many years of data from the GEOSCOPE global network. Finally we also show that fundamental spheroidal modes can be extracted from these EGF.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggx284
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