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Large-scale high-temperature solar energy storage using natural minerals

AuthorsBenítez-Guerrero, Mónica; Sarrión, Beatriz; Perejón, Antonio ; Sánchez-Jiménez, P.E. ; Pérez-Maqueda, Luis A. ; Valverde, J.M.
KeywordsConcentrated Solar Power
Particle size.
CaL-CO2 capture
CaL-CSP storage
Multicycle conversion
Natural carbonates
Issue Date2017
CitationSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 168: 14- 21 (2017)
AbstractThe present work is focused on thermochemical energy storage (TCES) in Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plants by means of the Calcium-Looping (CaL) process using cheap, abundant and non-toxic natural carbonate minerals. CaL conditions for CSP storage involve calcination of CaCO in the solar receiver at relatively low temperature whereas carbonation of CaO is carried out at high temperature and high CO concentration to use the heat of reaction for power production by means of a CO closed power cycle. Under these conditions, large CaO particles derived from limestone to be used in industrial processes are rapidly deactivated due to pore-plugging, which limits the extent of the reaction. This is favored by the relatively small pores of the CaO skeleton generated by low temperature calcination, the large thickness of the CaCO layer built upon the CaO surface and the very fast carbonation kinetics. On the other hand, at CaL conditions for CSP storage does not limit carbonation of CaO derived from dolomite (dolime). Dolime is shown to exhibit a high multicycle conversion regardless of particle size, which is explained by the presence of inert MgO grains that allow the reacting gas to percolate inside the porous particles.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.solmat.2017.04.013
issn: 0927-0248
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