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Intra- and extracellular Aβ and PHF in clinically evaluated cases of Alzheimer's disease

AutorFernández-Vizarra, P.; Fernández, A.P.; Castro-Blanco, S.; Serrano, J.; Bentura, M.L.; Martínez-Murillo, Ricardo ; Martínez, A.; Rodrigo, J.
Palabras claveSenile plaque formation
Intracellular Aß
Alzheimer's disease
Immunohistochemistry
Human brain
Fecha de publicación2004
EditorPlaza Fuensanta
CitaciónHistology and Histopathology 19: 823- 844 (2004)
ResumenTemporal cortical sections from postmortem brains of individuals without any dementing condition and with different degrees of severity of Alzheimer's disease (AD) evaluated by the Clinical Dementia Rating scale (CDR 0-CDR 3) were analyzed using immunohistochemical procedures. To demonstrate the amyloid-β-peptide (Aβ) deposition and the neurofibrillary pathology, two monoclonal antibodies were used, a human CERAD Aβ (10D5) antibody raised against the N-terminal region of the Aβ-peptide, and an antibody raised against paired helical filaments (PHF-1). The neuron cell bodies and the glial cells were also recognized by two polyclonal antibodies raised, respectively, against the protein gene peptide (PGP 9.5) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Directly related to severity of AD, progressive deposits of Aβ-peptide were found within cortical pyramidal-like neurons and forming senile plaques. Ultrastructurally, Aβ-peptide deposits were related to neuronal intracytoplasmic organelles, such as the ER, the mitochondria, the Nissl bodies and lipofuscin. We have also found that the intracellular deposition of the Aβ peptide is a neuropathological finding prior to the appearance of PHF-immunoreactive structures. We suggest that the intracellular Aβ deposition in cortical pyramidal neurons is a first neurodegenerative event in AD development and that it is involved cell dysfunction, neuronal death, and plaque formation.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/156297
DOI10.14670/HH-19.823
Identificadoresdoi: 10.14670/HH-19.823
issn: 0213-3911
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