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Effect of supplementation of grazing dairy ewes with a cereal concentrate on animal performance and milk fatty acid profile

AutorGómez-Cortés, Pilar ; Frutos, Pilar ; Mantecón, Ángel R. ; Juárez, Manuela ; Fuente, Miguel Ángel de la ; Hervás, Gonzalo
Palabras claveCereal supplement
Conjugated linoleic acid
Fecha de publicación2009
EditorAmerican Dairy Science Association
CitaciónJournal of Dairy Science 92 (8): 3964-3972 (2009)
ResumenThis work was conducted to investigate the effect of supplementing grazing ewes on pasture with a cereal concentrate on the milk fatty acid (FA) profile. Ninety Assaf ewes in mid lactation were distributed in 9 lots of 10 animals each and allocated to 3 feeding regimens: 1) pasture—ewes were only allowed to graze pasture (an irrigated sward of Lolium perenne, Trifolium pratense, and Dactylis glomerata); 2) PS—grazing ewes were supplemented with oat grain (700 g/animal and day); and 3) TMR—ewes were fed ad libitum a total mixed ration (TMR; 80:20 concentrate/forage ratio). Milk yield and composition were recorded for 5 wk. The highest milk yield was observed in ewes receiving the TMR and the lowest in grazing ewes supplemented with oat grain. Productions of milk fat, protein, and total solids showed the lowest values in treatment PS. The atherogenicity index, which comprises C12:0, C14:0, and C16:0, in PS milk fat was no different from that observed in milk from animals on pasture (1.53 for pasture, 1.54 for PS, and 3.22 for TMR). Oat grain supplementation generated higher amounts of C18:0 and cis-9 C18:1 in milk fat than the pasture-only diet, but significantly decreased the levels of α-linolenic acid and most of intermediates of the process of biohydrogenation of this FA. Cis-9 trans-11 C18:2 and trans-11 C18:1, its precursor for endogenous synthesis in the mammary gland, were lower in PS (0.58 and 1.59 g/100 g of total FA) than in TMR (0.72 and 1.92 g/100 g of total FA) and very different from the results observed in grazing ewes receiving no supplement (1.21 and 3.88 g/100 g of total FA). Furthermore, the lowest levels of trans-10 C18:1 and trans-10 cis-12 C18:2 were detected in the milk fat of ewes fed pasture. It is concluded that, when pasture quality and availability do not limit dairy production, supplementation of grazing ewes with oat grain compromised the milk FA profile without any significant positive effect on milk production.
Descripción9 pages, 5 tables, 1 figure.-- ISI Article Identifier: 000268136400045.
Previously published as proceeding at the Options Méditerranéennes A, 85: 439-444 (2009). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/15655
Versión del editorhttp://jds.fass.org/cgi/reprint/92/8/3964
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