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Título

Long-term data from a small mammal community reveal loss of diversity and potential effects of local climate change

AutorSantoro, Simone ; Sánchez-Suárez, Cristina; Rouco, Carlos ; Palomo, Luis J.; Fernández, M. Carmen; Kufner, Maura B.; Moreno, Sacramento
Palabras claveClimate change
Count data
N-mixture models
Rodents
Spain
Fecha de publicación2017
EditorOxford University Press
CitaciónCurrent Zoology, 63(5), 515–523 (2017)
ResumenClimate change affects distribution and persistence of species. However, forecasting species’ responses to these changes requires long-term data series that are often lacking in ecological studies. We used 15 years of small mammal trapping data collected between 1978 and 2015 in 3 areas at Do~nana National Park (southwest Spain) to (i) describe changes in species composition and (ii) test the association between local climate conditions and size of small mammal populations. Overall, 5 species were captured: wood mouse Apodemus sylvaticus, algerian mouse Mus spretus, greater whitetoothed shrew Crocidura russula, garden dormouse Eliomys quercinus, and black rat Rattus rattus. The temporal pattern in the proportion of captures of each species suggests that the small mammal diversity declined with time. Although the larger species (e.g., E. quercinus), better adapted to colder climate, have disappeared from our trapping records, M. spretus, a small species inhabiting southwest Europe and the Mediterranean coast of Africa, currently is almost the only trapped species. We used 2- level hierarchical models to separate changes in abundance from changes in probability of capture using records of A. sylvaticus in all 3 areas and of M. spretus in 1. We found that heavy rainfall and low temperatures were positively related to abundance of A. sylvaticus, and that the number of extremely hot days was negatively related to abundance of M. spretus. Despite other mechanisms are likely to be involved, our findings support the importance of climate for the distribution and persistence of these species and raise conservation concerns about potential cascading effects in the Do~nana ecosystem
Versión del editorhtpp://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cz/zow109
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/156175
DOI10.1093/cz/zow109
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