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Strain-induced perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in La2CoMnO6−ε thin films and its dependence on film thickness

AuthorsGalceran, Regina ; López Mir, Laura ; Bozzo, B.; Cisneros-Fernández, J.; Santiso, José ; Balcells, Lluis ; Frontera Beccaria, Carlos; Martínez Perea, Benjamín
Magnetic anisotropy
Thin films
Magnetization measurements
X-ray diffraction
X-ray reflectivity
Issue Date22-Apr-2016
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
CitationPhysical Review 93(14): 144417 (2016)
AbstractFerromagnetic insulating La2CoMnO6-ε (LCMO) epitaxial thin films grown on top of SrTiO3 (001) substrates present a strong magnetic anisotropy favoring the out of plane orientation of the magnetization with a large anisotropy field (∼70 kOe for film thickness of about 15 nm). Diminishing oxygen off-stoichiometry of the film enhances the anisotropy. We attribute this to the concomitant shrinkage of the out of plane cell parameter and to the increasing of the tensile strain of the films. Consistently, LCMO films grown on (LaAlO3)0.3(Sr2AlTaO6)0.7 and LaAlO3 substrates (with a larger out-of-plane lattice parameter and compressive stress) display in-plane magnetic anisotropy. Thus, we link the strong magnetic anisotropy observed in LCMO to the film stress: tensile strain favors perpendicular anisotropy and compressive stress favors in plane anisotropy. We also report on the thickness dependence of the magnetic properties. Perpendicular anisotropy, saturation magnetization and Curie temperature are maintained over a large range of film thickness.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.93.144417
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