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Polyoxometalates: from inorganic chemistry to materials science

AutorCasañ Pastor, Nieves; Gómez-Romero, P.
Palabras claveMolecular inorganic chemistry
Nanocomposite materials
Energy-storage applications
Fecha de publicación1-may-2004
EditorFrontiers in Bioscience Publications
CitaciónFrontiers in Bioscience 9: 1759-1770 (2004)
ResumenPolyoxometalates have been traditionally the subject of study of molecular inorganic chemistry. Yet, these polynuclear molecules, reminiscent of oxide clusters, present a wide range of structures and with them ideal frameworks for the deployment of a plethora of useful magnetic, electroionic, catalytic, bioactive and photochemical properties. With this in mind, a new trend towards the application of these remarkable species in materials science is beginning to develop. In this review we analyze this trend and discuss two main lines of thought for the application of polyoxometalates as materials. On the one hand, there is their use as clusters with inherently useful properties on themselves, a line which has produced fundamental studies of their magnetic, electronic or photoelectrochemical properties and has shown these clusters as models for quantum-sized oxides. On the other hand, the encapsulation or integration of polyoxometalates into organic, polymeric or inorganic matrices or substrates opens a whole new field within the area of hybrid materials for harnessing the multifunctional properties of these versatile species in a wide variety of applications, ranging from catalysis to energy storage to biomedicine.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.2741/1365
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