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Detecting and Monitoring the Production of Melatonin and Other Related Indole Compounds in Different Saccharomyces Strains by Solid-State Electrochemical Techniques

AuthorsMuñiz Calvo, Sara; Guillamón, José Manuel ; Domínguez, Irene ; Doménech Carbó, Antonio
KeywordsIndolic compounds
Issue Date28-Oct-2016
CitationFood Analytical Methods 10 (5): 1408-1418 (2017)
AbstractRecently, melatonin (Mel) has been detected in wine, and as its quantity increases during alcoholic fermentation, yeasts are primarily responsible for its production during the process. L-tryptophan (L-Trp) is an indolic molecule that plays an important role as a precursor of a large amount of tryptamine molecules, including Mel. We propose a novel method for detecting Mel and other derived indole compounds directly on yeast cells based on the voltammetry of immobilized particles methodology. This will abridge and facilitate the detection of these highly conserved and electroactive molecules. Tafel and modified Tafel analyses have been used to distinguish among Mel, tryptophol, and indole-3-acetic acid. We obtained different voltammetry responses in various Saccharomyces strains treated with L-Trp, 5-hydroxytryptophan, and serotonin and without them. The different responses allowed us to assess the production of indole compounds from L-Trp and other precursors. The voltammetric changes in mutant strains with deleted genes of tryptophan metabolism were also tested.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1007/s12161-016-0699-8
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