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Título

A comparative study on androgen metabolism in three invertebrate species

AutorJaner, Gemma; LeBlanc, G. A.; Porte Visa, Cinta
Palabras claveTestosterone
Androstenedione
Metabolism
Mollusc
Crustacean
Echinoderm
Fecha de publicación25-may-2005
EditorElsevier
CitaciónGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology 143(3): 211-221 (2005)
ResumenA comparative approach was taken in this study to evaluate androgen (androstenedione and testosterone) metabolism in three invertebrate species: the gastropod Marisa cornuarietis, the amphipod Hyalella azteca, and the echinoderm Paracentrotus lividus. The existence of 17β/3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) and 5α-reductase catalyzed reactions was demonstrated in all three species. Androstenedione was primarily converted to 5α-androstanedione in M. cornuarietis, while it was primarily metabolized to testosterone in P. lividus and H. azteca. In addition, and consistent with vertebrate findings, tissue specific pathways and sexual dimorphism in androgen metabolism were observed. Namely, testosterone was metabolized to dihydrotestosterone in P. lividus gonads (via 5α-reductase), and metabolized to 4-androstene-3β,17β-diol in the digestive tube (via 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase). Furthermore, the synthesis of 17β-reduced metabolites of androstenedione (testosterone and dihydrotestosterone) was 3- to 4-fold higher in males of M. cornuarietis than in females. Organotin compounds, which have been shown to interfere with some aspects of androgen metabolism, had no major effect on testosterone metabolism in any of the three species. Fenarimol enhanced 5α-reductase-mediated catalysis in gonads of P. lividus. Overall, results demonstrate the ubiquity of some androgen biotransformation processes in invertebrates and reveals interphyla differences in androgen metabolic pathways, and different sensitivity of these pathways to some xenobiotics.
Descripción11 pages, 6 figures, 2 tables.-- PMID: 15922341 [PubMed].-- Printed version published Sep 15, 2005.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2005.03.016
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/15582
DOI10.1016/j.ygcen.2005.03.016
ISSN0016-6480 (Print)
1095-6840 (Online)
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