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The renaissance of metal-pyrimidine nucleobase coordination chemistry

AutorLippert, B.; Sanz Miguel, Pablo J.
Fecha de publicación2016
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
CitaciónAccounts of Chemical Research 49(8): 1537-1545 (2016)
Resumen[Conspectus]: The significance of metal ions for the function and properties of DNA and RNA, long seen primarily under biological aspects and medicinal uses, has recently gained a renewed momentum. This is a consequence of the advent of novel applications in the fields of materials science, biotechnology, and analytical sensor chemistry that relate to the designed incorporation of transition metal ions into nucleic acid base pairs. Ag and Hg ions, binding to pyrimidine (pym) nucleobases, represent major players in this development. Interestingly, these metal ions were the ones that some 60 years ago started the field! At the same time, the mentioned metal ions had demonstrated a >special relationship> with the pym nucleobases cytosine, thymine, and uracil! Parallel work conducted with oligonucleotides and model nucleobases fostered numerous significant details of these interactions, in particular when X-ray crystallography was involved, correcting earlier views occasionally.Our own activities during the past three to four decades have focused on, among others, the coordination chemistry of transition and main-group metal ions with pym model nucleobases, with an emphasis on Pt and Pd. It has always been our goal to deduce, if possible, the potential relevance of our findings for biological processes. It is interesting to put our data, in particular for trans-aPt (a = NH or amine), into perspective with those of other metal ions, notably Ag and Hg. Irrespective of major differences in kinetics and lability/inertness between d and d metal ions, there is also a lot of similarity in structural aspects as a result of the preferred linear coordination geometry of these species. Moreover, the apparent clustering of metal ions to the pym nucleobases, which is presumably essential for the formation of nanoclusters on oligonucleotide scaffolds, is impressively reflected in model systems, as are reasons for inter-nucleobase cross-links containing more than a single metal ion.The present understanding of these interrelationships is a consequence of intensive research carried out during the last 60 years by numerous laboratories. For space restrictions in this Account, it was impossible to adequately highlight the valuable contributions of all of the researchers in the field of metal-pym nucleobase interactions. Explicitly this refers to colleagues not cited in the references, e.g., R. Stuart Tobias, Robert Bau, R. Bruce Martin, Colin J. L. Lock, Katsuyuki Aoki, Helmut Sigel, and Michael J. Clarke, among others.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1021/acs.accounts.6b00253
e-issn: 1520-4898
issn: 0001-4842
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