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Postsynthetic modifications of [2,2,2-(H)(PPh3)2-closo-2,1-RhSB8H8] with Lewis bases: cluster modular tuning

AutorLuaces, Susana ; Passarelli, Vincenzo ; Artigas, María José ; Lahoz, Fernando J. ; Oro, Luis A. ; Macías, Ramón
Fecha de publicación2016
EditorRoyal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)
CitaciónDalton Transactions 45(20): 8622-8636 (2016)
ResumenIt has been demonstrated that the reaction of [2,2,2-(H)(PPh)-closo-2,1-RhSBH] (1) with PPh affords the boron substituted rhodathiaborane-PPh adduct, [6,6-(PPh)-9-(PPh)-arachno-6,5-RhSBH] (2). Building upon this reaction, we report herein that the 10-vertex hydridorhodathiaborane 1 reacts with the Lewis bases, PCy, py, 2-Mepy, 2-Etpy, 3-Mepy and 4-Mepy to form the rhodathiaborane-ligand adducts, [6,6-(PPh)-9-(L)-arachno-6,5-RhSBH], where L = PCy (3), 2-Mepy (4), 2-Etpy (5), py (6a), 3-Mepy (7a) or 4-Mepy (8a), and [8,9-μ-(H)-9-(PPh)-8-(L)-arachno-9,6-RhSBH], where L = py (6b), 3-Mepy (7b) or 4-Mepy (8b). The selectivity of the reactions depended on the nature of the entering Lewis bases, affording the 6,5-isomers, 2, 3, 4 and 5 as single products for PPh, PCy, 2-Mepy and 2-Etpy; and mixtures of the 6,5-/9,6-regioisomers, 6a/6b, 7a/7b and 8a/8b for py, 3-Mepy and 4-Mepy, respectively. The molecular structures of both regioisomers were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis for the 6,5-isomers, 3 and 4, and for the 9,6-isomers, 7b and 8b. Variable temperature NMR studies of the reaction between 1 and PPh or 2-Mepy demonstrated that at low temperatures there is formation of the 9,6-species that subsequently isomerizes to the 6,5-regioisomer, indicating that for the more sterically hindered Lewis bases, PPh, 2-Mepy and PCy, the latter isomer is more stable and accessible through an intramolecular {Rh(PPh)} vertex flip. The formation of both isomers with py, 3-Mepy and 4-Mepy indicates that the kinetic and thermodynamic energies of the 6,5 and 9,6 rhodathiaborane-ligand adducts are similar for these Lewis bases. Lewis base bonding to exo-polyhedral boron vertices results in a change of the metal coordination from pseudo-octahedral Rh(iii) in 1 to pseudo-square planar Rh(i) in the adducts. The chemistry described here highlights the remarkable structural flexibility of these polyhedral boron-containing compounds, their modular architecture and their easy postsynthetic modification.
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1039/C6DT00856A
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1039/C6DT00856A
e-issn: 1477-9234
issn: 1477-9226
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