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Application of an E-Tongue to the Analysis of Monovarietal and Blends of White Wines

AuthorsGutiérrez, Manuel; Llobera, Andreu; Ipatov, Andrey; Vila-Planas, Jordi; Mínguez, Santiago; Demming, Stefanie; Büttgenbach, Stephanus; Capdevila, Fina; Domingo, Carme; Jiménez-Jorquera, Cecilia
Issue Date3-May-2011
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationSensors 11 (5): 4840-4857 (2011)
AbstractThis work presents a multiparametric system capable of characterizing and classifying white wines according to the grape variety and geographical origin. Besides, it quantifies specific parameters of interest for quality control in wine. The system, known as a hybrid electronic tongue, consists of an array of electrochemical microsensors—six ISFET based sensors, a conductivity sensor, a redox potential sensor and two amperometric electrodes, a gold microelectrode and a microelectrode for sensing electrochemical oxygen demand—and a miniaturized optofluidic system. The test sample set comprised eighteen Catalan monovarietal white wines from four different grape varieties, two Croatian monovarietal white wines and seven bi- and trivarietal mixtures prepared from the Catalan varieties. Different chemometric tools were used to characterize (<em>i.e.</em>, Principal Component Analysis), classify (<em>i.e.</em>, Soft Independent Modeling Class Analogy) and quantify (<em>i.e.</em>, Partial-Least Squares) some parameters of interest. The results demonstrate the usefulness of the multisensor system for analysis of wine.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.orgdoi:10.3390/s110504840
Identifiersdoi: 10.3390/s110504840
Appears in Collections:(IMB-CNM) Artículos
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