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Relation of apical dendritic spikes to output decision in CA1 pyramidal cells during synchronous activation: A computational study

AutorIbarz, J.M.; Makarova, Julia ; Herreras, Óscar
Palabras claveAction potential Computer model Dendritic integration Local spikes Parametric space Trigger zon
Fecha de publicación2006
EditorBlackwell Publishing
CitaciónEuropean Journal of Neuroscience 23: 1219- 1233 (2006)
ResumenRecent studies on the initiation and propagation of dendritic spikes have modified the classical view of postsynaptic integration. Earlier we reported that subthreshold currents and spikes recruited by synaptic currents play a critical role in defining outputs following synchronous activation. Experimental factors strongly condition these currents due to their nonlinear behaviour. Hence, we have performed a detailed parametric study in a CA1 pyramidal cell model to explore how different variables interact and initiate dendritic spiking, and how they influence cell output. The input pattern, the relative excitability of axon and dendrites, the presence/modulation of voltage-dependent channels, and inhibition were cross analysed. Subthreshold currents and spikes on synaptically excited branches fired spikes in other branches to jointly produce different modalities of apical shaft spiking with a variable impact on cell output. Synchronous activation initiated a varying number and temporal scatter of firing branches that produced in the apical shaft-soma axis nonpropagating spikes, pseudosaltatory or continuous forward conduction, or backpropagation. As few as 6-10 local spikes within a time window of 2 ms ensure cell output. However, the activation mode varied extremely when two or more variables were cross-analysed, becoming rather unpredictable when all the variables were considered. Spatially clustered inputs and upper modulation of dendritic Na+ or Ca2+ electrogenesis favour apical decision. In contrast, inhibition biased the output decision toward the axon and switched between dendritic firing modes. We propose that dendrites can discriminate input patterns and decide immediate cell output depending on the particular state of a variety of endogenous parameters. © Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2006.04615.x
issn: 0953-816X
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