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Seasonal distribution of herbicide and insecticide residues in the water resources of the vineyard region of La Rioja (Spain)

AutorHerrero Hernández, Eliseo ; Rodríguez Cruz, M. Sonia ; Pose Juan, Eva ; Sánchez González, Sara; Andrades, M. Soledad ; Sánchez Martín, M. Jesús
Palabras clavePesticides
Multi-residue analysis
Surface water
Temporal evaluation
Fecha de publicación2017
CitaciónScience of the Total Environment 609: 161-171 (2017)
ResumenPesticides are needed to maintain high production in the vineyard area of La Rioja (Spain), and monitoring their spatial distribution is a priority for preserving the quality of natural resources. Accordingly, the purpose of this work was to conduct a study to evaluate the presence and seasonal distribution of herbicide and insecticide residues in ground and surface waters in this region. The monitoring network comprised 12 surface waters and 78 groundwaters, covering the three subareas (63,593 ha) into which the vineyard region is divided. The quality of natural waters was examined through the analysis of twenty-two herbicides, eight of their main degradation products, and eight insecticides. Pesticides were extracted by solid-phase extraction, and analysed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry or by liquid-chromatography-mass spectrometry. The results reveal the presence of most of the herbicides and insecticides included in the study in one or more of the samples collected during the four campaigns. The herbicide terbuthylazine and its metabolite desethylterbuthylazine were the compounds more frequently detected (present in > 65% of the samples across all the campaigns). Other compounds detected in > 50% of the samples in one sampling campaign were the herbicides fluometuron, metolachlor, alachlor and ethofumesate. Insecticides were present in a small number of samples, with only pirimicarb being detected in > 25% of the samples in March and June campaigns. The results reveal that the sum of compounds detected (mainly herbicides) was higher than 0.5 μg L− 1 in > 50% of the samples, especially in the campaigns with the highest application of these compounds. A possible recovery of the quality of the waters was detected outside the periods of crop cultivation, although more monitoring programmes are needed to confirm this trend with a view to preventing and/or maintaining the sustainability of natural resources.
Descripción45 páginas, 4 tabls, 6 figuras y 4 tablas suplementarias. -- The definitive version is available at www.elsevier.com
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.07.113
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