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New concepts on the functionality of the nervous system: The revolution of the glial cells. I. The neuro-glial relationships | Nuevos conceptos sobre la funcionalidad del sistema nervioso: la revolución de las células gliales. I. Las relaciones neuro-gliales

AutorToledano Gasca, Adolfo ; Álvarez, M. I.; Toledano-Díaz, A.
Palabras claveCélulas neurogliales
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorReal Academia Nacional de Farmacia (España)
CitaciónAnales de la Real Academia Nacional de Farmacia 81: 11- 18 (2015)
ResumenFrom birth to death, neurons are actively and dynamically accompanied by neuroglial cells in a very close morphological and functional relationship. The results of their study in the last years revolutionized the concepts about the functionality of the CNS. Classically, three families of these cells in the CNS have been classically considered: astroglia, oligodendroglia and microglia. Many types and subtypes have been described by morphological and immunocytochemical methods, including NGR2+ cells, with a wide variety of pathophysiological effects on the neurons and neuronal circuits. Now, all these elements are considered of paramount importance in all proposed theories for explaining any physiological or pathological process in the CNS because they are involved in both, neuroprotection/neurorepair and neurodegeneration. Glio-glial, glio-neuronal and neuro-glial cell signaling pathways and glio-transmission are essential phenomena that support the brain functions, from a simple reflex to the most sophisticated higher mental function. Glioplasticity is a parallel phenomenon to neuroplasticity for optimizing the function of the neuronal circuits. Moreover, they possess the ability to change to a reactive status (gliosis), in which new functions are developed in their relationships with the neurons.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/155110
DOInull
Identificadoresdoi: null
issn: 1697-428X
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