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Comparison of sampling devices for the determination of polychlorinated biphenyls in the sea surface microlayer

AutorGarcía-Flor, Nuria; Guitart, Carlos ; Bodineau, Laurent; Dachs, Jordi; Bayona Termens, Josep María; Albaigés Riera, Joan
Palabras claveSea surface microlayer
Underlying water
Polychlorinated biphenyls
Sampling methods
Metal screen
Glass plate
Surface slick sampler
Fecha de publicaciónabr-2005
CitaciónMarine Environmental Research 59(3): 255-275 (2005)
ResumenOver 30 sea surface microlayer (SML) samples from two contrasting sites in the North Western Mediterranean – Barcelona (Spain) and Banyuls-sur-Mer (France) – were collected using three different sampling devices, namely, glass plate, metal screen (MS) and a surface slick sampler (SS), and compared with the corresponding underlying water (16 samples). The distributions of 41 polychlorinated biphenyl congeners (PCBs) were determined in the different phases: particulate (1.17–10.8 ∑PCB ng L−1), truly dissolved (0.080–16.7 ∑PCB ng L−1) and colloidal matter (1.17–43.0 ∑PCB ng L−1), being the last two estimated from the analysis of the apparently dissolved phase. Concentrations of PCBs in the SML were higher than those in the underlying water (ULW), giving rise to enrichment factors (EF=[C]SML/[C]ULW) up to first-order of magnitude. The ANOVA statistical approach was used to assess differences of bulk data (e.g. dissolved organic carbon, DOC; particulate organic carbon, POC; suspended particulate matter, SPM) among sampling devices, whilst p-tailed t paired tests were used in order to compare the enrichments obtained for each sampling date. In this respect, no significantly different enrichment factors were found among sampling devices (p<0.05), although the surface SS showed lower enrichments, probably due to the dilution of the SML with the ULW during sampling. The MS seemed to be the most suitable device for the determination of PCBs in the SML in terms of sampling efficiency under a variety of meteorological conditions.
Descripción21 pages, 3 figures, 6 tables.-- PMID: 15465133 [PubMed].-- Available online Jun 24, 2005.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2004.05.006
ISSN0141-1136 (Print)
1879-0291 (Online)
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