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Graphene patterning by nanosecond laser ablation: the effect of the substrate interaction with graphene

AuthorsPérez Mas, Ana Matilde ; Álvarez Rodríguez, Patricia ; Campos, Nuria; Gómez, David; Menéndez López, Rosa María
KeywordsCVD Graphene,
Laser scribing
Nanosecond laser
Pulsed laser
Issue Date7-Jul-2016
PublisherInstitute of Physics Publishing
CitationJournal of Physics D - Applied Physics 49: 305301 (2016)
AbstractThis paper focuses on the development of patterned graphene/substrate by means of green nanosecond pulse laser irradiation. Monolayer graphene samples supported on a Si/SiO2 substrate were patterned using 532 nm laser irradiation under fluence conditions ranging from 31 mJ/cm2 and to 4240 mJ/cm2. Raman spectroscopy was used to investigate the effect of laser irradiation on the graphene. It was found that at 356 mJ/cm2 selective ablation of the graphene occurs. However, at fluence values above 1030 mJ/cm2 (when damage to the substrate is observed) no ablation of the graphene takes place. In contrast, its graphenic structure was found to have been modified. Only at fluence values where the ablation of the substrate occurs, is graphene eliminated in an area almost equivalent to that of the ablated substrate. In this case, additional damage to the graphene sheet edges is produced. The increment in the number of oxygenated functional groups in these regions, as measured by XPS spectroscopy, suggests that this damage is probably caused by thermal phenomena during the ablation of the substrate.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/49/30/305301
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