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Inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B improves IGF-I receptor signaling and protects against inflammation-induced gliosis in the retina

AuthorsArroba, Ana I. ; Valverde, Ángela M.
Diabetic retinopathy
Issue Date2015
PublisherAssociation for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
CitationInvestigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 56: 8031-8044 (2015)
Abstract[Purpose]: Insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) signaling mediates retinal growth and survival and its failure may contribute to aggravate diabetic retinopathy (DR). Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) negatively modulates IGF-IR signaling, but its involvement in inflammation during DR remains unknown. We investigated whether PTP1B participates in the cross-talk between proinflammatory signaling pathways and IGF-IR–mediated signaling in the retina. [Methods]: 661W photoreceptors or mouse retinal explants were treated with TNFa, IL6, and IL1b. Insulin-like growth factor-I receptor signaling cascade was evaluated in the absence or presence of PTP1B. db/db mice were used to test a PTP1B inhibitor in retinal gliosis. [Results]: 661W retinal cells and retinal explants responded to IGF-I by inducing IGF-IR tyrosine (13-fold) and Akt phosphorylations (7- and 3-fold for serine 473 and threonine 308, respectively). Cytokines triggered early activation of stress kinases (c-jun [NH2] terminal kinase [JNK] and p38 MAPK), resulting in insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) serine 307 phosphorylation that precedes its degradation. Pretreatment of 661W cells or retinal explants with cytokines upregulated PTP1B protein levels (1.45- and 4.5-fold, respectively), induced IRS1 degradation and decreased IGF-I–mediated IGF-IR/Akt phosphorylation. Silencing or deficiency in PTP1B ameliorated the negative effects of cytokines on IGF-IR signaling. Cytokines increased glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expression in retinal explants by 4.5- fold, this response being reduced by 2-fold with a PTP1B inhibitor. Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B protein levels increased by 3-fold in retinas from db/db mice and its inhibition reduced gliosis. [Conclusions]: Targeting PTP1B might be useful for modulating IGF-I effects in retinal cells during DR.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.15-17234
Identifiersdoi: 10.1167/iovs.15-17234
issn: 0146-0404
e-issn: 1552-5783
Appears in Collections:(IIBM) Artículos
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