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Exploring Microdiversity in Novel Kordia sp. (Bacteroidetes) with Proteorhodopsin from the Tropical Indian Ocean via Single Amplified Genomes

AuthorsRoyo-Llonch, Marta CSIC ORCID ; Ferrera, Isabel CSIC ORCID; Cornejo-Castillo, Francisco M. CSIC ORCID; Sánchez, Pablo CSIC ORCID ; Salazar, Guillem CSIC ORCID; Pedrós-Alió, Carlos CSIC ORCID; Acinas, Silvia G. CSIC ORCID
Issue DateJul-2017
PublisherFrontiers Media
CitationFrontiers in Microbiology 8: 1317 (2017)
AbstractMarine Bacteroidetes constitute a very abundant bacterioplankton group in the oceans that plays a key role in recycling particulate organic matter and includes several photoheterotrophic members containing proteorhodopsin. Relatively few marine Bacteroidetes species have been described and, moreover, they correspond to cultured isolates, which in most cases do not represent the actual abundant or ecologically relevant microorganisms in the natural environment. In this study, we explored the microdiversity of 98 Single Amplified Genomes (SAGs) retrieved from the surface waters of the underexplored North Indian Ocean, whose most closely related isolate is Kordia algicida OT-1. Using Multi Locus Sequencing Analysis (MLSA) we found no microdiversity in the tested conserved phylogenetic markers (16S rRNA and 23S rRNA genes), the fast-evolving Internal Transcribed Spacer and the functional markers proteorhodopsin and the beta-subunit of RNA polymerase. Furthermore, we carried out a Fragment Recruitment Analysis (FRA) with marine metagenomes to learn about the distribution and dynamics of this microorganism in different locations, depths and size fractions. This analysis indicated that this taxon belongs to the rare biosphere, showing its highest abundance after upwelling-induced phytoplankton blooms and sinking to the deep ocean with large organic matter particles. This uncultured Kordia lineage likely represents a novel Kordia species (Kordia sp. CFSAG39SUR) that contains the proteorhodopsin gene and has a widespread spatial and vertical distribution. The combination of SAGs and MLSA makes a valuable approach to infer putative ecological roles of uncultured abundant microorganisms
DescriptionRoyo-Llonch, Marta ... et al.-- 14 pages, 6 figures, supplementary material http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01317/full#supplementary-material
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01317
Identifiersdoi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01317
issn: 1664-302X
e-issn: 1664-302X
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