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Title

Cephalopods as Predators: A Short Journey among Behavioral Flexibilities, Adaptions, and Feeding Habits

AuthorsVillanueva, Roger ; Perricone, Valentina; Fiorito, G.
KeywordsPredation
Feeding behavior
Prey capture
Issue DateAug-2017
PublisherFrontiers Media
CitationFrontiers in Physiology 8: 598 (2017)
AbstractThe diversity of cephalopod species and the differences in morphology and the habitats in which they live, illustrates the ability of this class of molluscs to adapt to all marine environments, demonstrating a wide spectrum of patterns to search, detect, select, capture, handle, and kill prey. Photo-, mechano-, and chemoreceptors provide tools for the acquisition of information about their potential preys. The use of vision to detect prey and high attack speed seem to be a predominant pattern in cephalopod species distributed in the photic zone, whereas in the deep-sea, the development of mechanoreceptor structures and the presence of long and filamentous arms are more abundant. Ambushing, luring, stalking and pursuit, speculative hunting and hunting in disguise, among others are known modes of hunting in cephalopods. Cannibalism and scavenger behavior is also known for some species and the development of current culture techniques offer evidence of their ability to feed on inert and artificial foods. Feeding requirements and prey choice change throughout development and in some species, strong ontogenetic changes in body form seem associated with changes in their diet and feeding strategies, although this is poorly understood in planktonic and larval stages. Feeding behavior is altered during senescence and particularly in brooding octopus females. Cephalopods are able to feed from a variety of food sources, from detritus to birds. Their particular requirements of lipids and copper may help to explain why marine crustaceans, rich in these components, are common prey in all cephalopod diets. The expected variation in climate change and ocean acidification and their effects on chemoreception and prey detection capacities in cephalopods are unknown and needs future research
Description12 pages, 2 tables
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.00598
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/154170
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.00598
Identifiersdoi: 10.3389/fphys.2017.00598
issn: 1664-042X
e-issn: 1664-042X
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