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Boron Tolerance in Aspergillus nidulans Is Sustained by the SltA Pathway Through the SLC-Family Transporters SbtA and SbtB

AutorVillarino, María; Etxebeste, Oier; Mendizabal, Gorka; Garzia, Aitor; Ugalde, Unai; Espeso, Eduardo A.
Fecha de publicación21-jul-2017
EditorMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitaciónGenes 8 (7): 188 (2017)
ResumenMicrobial cells interact with the environment by adapting to external changes. Signal transduction pathways participate in both sensing and responding in the form of modification of gene expression patterns, enabling cell survival. The filamentous fungal-specific SltA pathway regulates tolerance to alkalinity, elevated cation concentrations and, as shown in this work, also stress conditions induced by borates. Growth of <i>sltA</i><sup>−</sup> mutants is inhibited by increasing millimolar concentrations of boric acid or borax (sodium tetraborate). In an attempt to identify genes required for boron-stress response, we determined the boric acid or borax-dependent expression of <i>sbtA</i> and <i>sbtB</i>, orthologs of <i>Saccharomyces cerevisiae bor</i>1, and a reduction in their transcript levels in a Δ<i>sltA</i> mutant. Deletion of <i>sbtA</i>, but mainly that of <i>sbtB</i>, decreased the tolerance to boric acid or borax. In contrast, null mutants of genes coding for additional transporters of the Solute Carrier (SLC)<i> </i>family, <i>sB</i>, <i>sbtD</i> or <i>sbtE</i>, showed an unaltered growth pattern under the same stress conditions. Taken together, our results suggest that the SltA pathway induces, through SbtA and SbtB, the export of toxic concentrations of borates, which have largely recognized antimicrobial properties.
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.3390/genes8070188
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/153581
DOI10.3390/genes8070188
Identificadoresdoi: 10.3390/genes8070188
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