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A polymerization-associated structural switch in FtsZ that enables treadmilling of model filaments

AutorWagstaff, James M.; Tsim, Matthew; Oliva, María A.; García-Sanchez, Alba; Kureisaite-Cizien, Danguole; Andreu, José Manuel ; Löwe, Jan
Fecha de publicación2-may-2017
EditorAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitaciónmBio 8:e00254-17 (2017)
ResumenBacterial cell division in many organisms involves a constricting cytokinetic ring that is orchestrated by the tubulin-like protein FtsZ. FtsZ forms dynamic filaments close to the membrane at the site of division that have recently been shown to treadmill around the division ring, guiding septal wall synthesis. Here, using X-ray crystallography of Staphylococcus aureus FtsZ (SaFtsZ), we reveal how an FtsZ can adopt two functionally distinct conformations, open and closed. The open form is found in SaFtsZ filaments formed in crystals and also in soluble filaments of Escherichia coli FtsZ as deduced by electron cryomicroscopy. The closed form is found within several crystal forms of two nonpolymerizing SaFtsZ mutants and corresponds to many previous FtsZ structures from other organisms. We argue that FtsZ’s conformational switch is polymerization-associated, driven by the formation of the longitudinal intersubunit interfaces along the filament. We show that such a switch provides explanations for both how treadmilling may occur within a single-stranded filament and why filament assembly is cooperative.
Descripción16 p.-7 fig.
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.00254-17
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/153453
DOI10.1128/ mBio.00254-17
E-ISSN2150-7511
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