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Lifelong function of autophagy in the insulin-like growth factor 1 mutant inner ear

AuthorsPulido, Sara; Iriarte, Rocío de ; Rodriguez-de la Rosa, Lourdes ; Magariños, Marta ; Varela-Nieto, Isabel
Issue Date2015
CitationXXXVIII Congreso de la SEBBM (2015)
AbstractAutophagy is a highly conserved catabolic process essential for embryonic development and adult homeostasis. The autophagic machinery supplies energy by recycling intracellular components and facilitates the removal of apoptotic cells. Here, we report that autophagy-related genes (ATG) Becn1, Atg4g and Atg5 are expressed in the mouse cochlea, vestibular system and brainstem cochlear nuclei from late developmental stages to adulthood. Atg9 was studied in the mouse cochlea and showed a similar pattern. The presence of autophagic flux was confirmed by decreased sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1/p62) and increased relative levels of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3-II (LC3-II). Inner ear autophagy flux is developmentally regulated and is lower at perinatal stages than in the adult mouse, where an expression plateau is reached at the age of two-months, coinciding with the age at which full functional activity is reached. Expression is maintained in adult mice and declines after the age of twelve months. LC3B labelling showed that autophagy was primarily associated with spiral ganglion neurons. Over time, Igf1 wild type mice showed lower expression of genes coding for IGF-1 high affinity receptor and the family factor IGF-2 than null mice. Parallel analysis of autophagy machinery gene expression showed no significant differences between the genotypes over the lifespan of the null mice. Taken together, these results show that the autophagy machinery expression in the inner ear is regulated with age but is not compromised by the chronic absence of IGF-1. Our data also strongly support that the up-regulation of autophagy machinery genes is concomitant with the functional maturation of the inner ear.
DescriptionResumen del póster presentado al XXXVIII Congreso de la Sociedad Española de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular, celebrado en Valencia del 7 al 10 de septiembre de 2015.
Appears in Collections:(IIBM) Comunicaciones congresos
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