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Sexual dimorphism and age structure of the Montseny newt (Calotriton arnoldi)

AuthorsAmat, Fèlix; Oromi, Neus; Sanuy, Delfi; Carranza, Salvador
KeywordsAge structure
Calotriton arnoldi
Issue Date2015
PublisherBrill Academic Publishers
CitationAmphibia - Reptilia 36(3): 245-252 (2015)
AbstractPatterns of sexual dimorphism and age structure were investigated in two populations of the newt Calotriton arnoldi, endemic of the Montseny Massif (NE of the Iberian Peninsula). In contrast to the Pyrenean newt ( Calotriton asper) sexual dimorphism in the Montseny brook newt is characterized by slightly larger females (60.3 ± 0.3 mm; maximum: 68 mm) than males (59.5 ± 0.2 mm; maximum: 64 mm) and more similar body shape between sexes. Both populations and sexes mature at the same age (3 years), show the same age structure and achieve similar longevity (8-9 years). Comparing our results with the framework of the variation of life-history traits in Calotriton, the Montseny newts exhibit fast sexual maturity and short longevity. Curiously, we have found a lack of covariation between age at sexual maturity, longevity and total body size in the populations of Calotritonspecies. Only in males, age at sexual maturity seems to be affected by altitude, but in an unexpected way: sexual maturation is delayed in populations at low altitudes. Moreover, the age at sexual maturity does not differs between the populations where immatures are terrestrial vs. those where they remain aquatic. Our results suggest that life-history traits in Calotritonnewts could be determined by selective factors that play their role at small geographic scale.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1163/15685381-00003000
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