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Comparative composition and dynamics of harmful dinoflagellates in Mediterranean salt marshes and nearby external marine waters

AutorLópez-Flores, Rocio; Garcés, Esther ; Boix, Daniel; Badosa, Anna ; Brucet, Sandra; Masó, Mercedes ; Quintana, Xavier D.
Palabras claveCoastal lagoons
Marine coastal water
Marine-lagoon water exchange
Fecha de publicación9-mar-2006
CitaciónHarmful Algae 5(6): 637-648 (2006)
ResumenThe taxonomic structure of phytoplankton populations in two Mediterranean coastal lagoons were compared with those of nearby marine waters (external waters). Mediterranean confined lagoons remain isolated for most the year and concentrate phytoplankton to a very high biomass. Coastal lagoons on the Mediterranean may, therefore, act as accumulators of neritic phytoplankton (including species related to harmful algal blooms). We examined whether coastal lagoons act as concentrators of marine toxic dinoflagellates during confinement periods, and the common environmental factors that favour growth of specific harmful species in the two ecosystems considered: coastal lagoons and external waters. An alternation between the dominance of diatoms and dinoflagellates was observed, coinciding with that described in Margalef's mandala, occurring in external waters as well as in coastal lagoons. Moreover, the temporal patter was different in the two ecosystems. Dinoflagellate species composition and their bloom period were highly variable in time and space, thus, species had to be analysed individually. Most of the dinoflagellate species found in this study were potentially harmful and high biomass producers. Harmful dinoflagellate species performed well in both, external waters and lagoons, but the specific species-dependent affinity to each of these environments determined which organisms bloom there. Thus, expansion of harmful algal blooms (HAB) to inland waters is not likely and some environmental factors such as the oxidised state of available nitrogen, became determinant to the success and bloom of a species in the coastal lagoon ecosystem.
Descripción12 pages, 7 figures, 1 table.-- Printed version published Dec 2006.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hal.2006.01.001
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