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Ectopic expression of cytosolic superoxide dismutase and ascorbate peroxidase leads to salt stress tolerance in transgenic plums

AuthorsDíaz-Vivancos, Pedro; Faize, Mohamed ; Barba-Espín, Gregorio ; Faize, Lydia ; Petri Serrano, César ; Hernández, José Antonio ; Burgos Ortiz, Lorenzo
KeywordsAntioxidative metabolism
Cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase
Cytosolic superoxide dismutase
Genetic engineering
Prunus domestica
Salt stress
Issue DateOct-2013
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationPlant Biotechnology Journal 11(8): 976–985 (2013)
AbstractTo fortify the antioxidant capacity of plum plants, genes encoding cytosolic antioxidants ascorbate peroxidase (cytapx) and Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (cytsod) were genetically engineered in these plants. Transgenic plum plants expressing the cytsod and/or cytapx genes in cytosol have been generated under the control of the CaMV35S promoter. High levels of cytsod and cytapx gene transcripts suggested that the transgenes were constitutively and functionally expressed. We examined the potential functions of cytSOD and cytAPX in in vitro plum plants against salt stress (100 mm NaCl). Several transgenic plantlets expressing cytsod and/or cytapx showed an enhanced tolerance to salt stress, mainly lines C5-5 and J8-1 (expressing several copies of sod and apx, respectively). Transformation as well as NaCl treatments influenced the antioxidative metabolism of plum plantlets, including enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants. Transgenic plantlets exhibited higher contents of nonenzymatic antioxidants glutathione and ascorbate than nontransformed control, which correlated with lower accumulation of hydrogen peroxide. Overall, our results suggest that transformation of plum plants with genes encoding antioxidant enzymes enhances the tolerance to salinity.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.12090
Appears in Collections:(CEBAS) Artículos
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