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New habits in branched polyethylene single crystals

AuthorsVega, Juan Francisco CSIC ORCID; Müller, A. J.; Martínez-Salazar, Javier CSIC ORCID
KeywordsSingle crystals
Short chain branching
Curved faces
Issue Date13-May-2016
PublisherPergamon Press
CitationEuropean Polymer Journal 80: 169- 174 (2016)
AbstractFaceted polymer single crystals obtained from solution have been examined for decades. Most of the studies have been performed with linear polyethylene. It is well known that solution-grown linear polyethylene single crystals may exhibit different and often complex morphologies and habits. However, the effect of molecular architecture (i.e., short chain branching) in the morphology of the single crystals remains practically unexplored. At the highest crystallization temperature investigated, the shape of the crystals is lozenge-like, but with curved and slightly truncated {1 1 0} faces. As the crystallization temperature decreases, strong changes in the width-to-length ratio and, consequently in the characteristic angles of the single crystal occur. Interestingly, the single crystals obtained at the lowest crystallization temperature explored exhibit a nearly square shape. This phenomenon has not yet been observed in linear high molecular weight polyethylene, for which the characteristic lozenge habit with straight {1 1 0} faces is retained as crystallization temperature decreases. The application of the Shcherbina and Ungar approach to fit the unusual shapes of the branched PE single crystals obtained in this work requires a strong decrease in the ratio of the rates of propagation to the right and to the left of the growth edge. This result is probably linked to different steric conditions of chain attachments into non-equivalent niches induced by the presence of branches. 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Description6 págs.; 3 figs.; 1 app.
Publisher version (URL)
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2016.05.012
issn: 0014-3057
Appears in Collections:(CFMAC-IEM) Artículos

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