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Climate-driven regime shift of a temperate marine ecosystem

AuthorsWernberg, Thomas; Bennett, Scott; Santana Garçon, Julia; Wilson, Shaun K.
Issue Date8-Jul-2016
PublisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science
CitationScience 353(6295): 169-172 (2016)
AbstractEcosystem reconfigurations arising from climate-driven changes in species distributions are expected to have profound ecological, social, and economic implications. Here we reveal a rapid climate-driven regime shift of Australian temperate reef communities, which lost their defining kelp forests and became dominated by persistent seaweed turfs. After decades of ocean warming, extreme marine heat waves forced a 100-kilometer range contraction of extensive kelp forests and saw temperate species replaced by seaweeds, invertebrates, corals, and fishes characteristic of subtropical and tropical waters.This community-wide tropicalization fundamentally altered key ecological processes, suppressing the recovery of kelp forests.
Publisher version (URL)
Identifiersdoi: 10.1126/science.aad8745
issn: 1095-9203
Appears in Collections:(IMEDEA) Artículos

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