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dc.contributor.authorVélez, J. F.-
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez, L. V.-
dc.contributor.authorRío, Carmen del-
dc.contributor.authorHerradón García, Bernardo-
dc.contributor.authorMann, Enrique-
dc.contributor.authorMorales, Enrique-
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-20T08:17:25Z-
dc.date.available2017-06-20T08:17:25Z-
dc.date.issued2017-
dc.identifierdoi: 10.1016/j.electacta.2017.04.096-
dc.identifierissn: 0013-4686-
dc.identifier.citationElectrochimica Acta 241: 517-525 (2017)-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/151684-
dc.descriptionSupplementary data associated with this article can be found, in the online version, at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta. 2017.04.096-
dc.description.abstractThe synthesis and characterization of novel ionic liquid (ILs) based gel polymer electrolytes for application in sodium-ion (Na) batteries is reported. It comprises a 0.2 M solution of NaN(CFSO) (sodium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide) in mono and dicationic imidazolium-based ionic liquids immobilized in a poly(vinylidene fluoride)-hexafluoropropylene copolymer matrix. The membranes offer acceptable ionic conductivity, up to 2.2 × 10 S cm at room temperature, with excellent thermal and electrochemical stabilities. The useful thermal stability reached up 150 °C and decomposition only starts at about 400 °C, while electrochemical stability window comprises from 1.5 V to 5.0 V vs. Na/Na. Na transference values (t) are in the range of 0.1 to 0.5, indicating a contribution of anionic transport (TFSI anion) and component ions of ionic liquid to the total ionic conductivity. The nature of Na coordination and the formation of Na-complexes were elucidated through Raman spectroscopy. The average number of TFSI coordinated to Na (n) allowed to know the contribution of the formed complexes in ionic mobility mechanism in the gel electrolytes. The effect of side chain length in oxyethylene-functionalized imidazolium mono and dicationic RTILs on both structural and electrochemical properties were discussed. Results obtained demonstrate promising characteristics of the membranes, being suitable candidates to be used in rechargeable sodium batteries.-
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work has been supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competiveness under project MAT2014-54994-R. L. V. Álvarez also thanks the international mobility scholarship given by Secretaría de Educación Pública of the Mexican Federal Government (SEP).-
dc.publisherElsevier-
dc.rightsclosedAccess-
dc.subjectGel polymer electrolyte-
dc.subjectOligo oxyethylene-
dc.subjectSodium-ion batteries-
dc.subjectIonic liquids-
dc.subjectImidazolium-
dc.subjectElectrolytes-
dc.titleImidazolium-based Mono and Dicationic Ionic Liquid Sodium Polymer Gel Electrolytes-
dc.typeartículo-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.electacta.2017.04.096-
dc.relation.publisherversionhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2017.04.096-
dc.date.updated2017-06-20T08:17:25Z-
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewed-
dc.language.rfc3066eng-
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Economía y Competitividad (España)-
dc.contributor.funderSecretaría de Educación Pública (México)-
dc.relation.csic-
dc.identifier.funderhttp://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100003329es_ES
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