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Title

Methods and Metrics for the Improvement of the Interactionand the Rehabilitation of Cerebral Palsy through Inertial Technology

Other TitlesMétodos y métricas para la mejora de la interacción y la rehabilitación de parálisis cerebral a través de tecnología inercial
AuthorsVelasco, Miguel A.
AdvisorRaya, Rafael ; Ceres Ruiz, Ramón ; Garrido Bullón, Santiago
KeywordsCerebral palsy
Rehabilitation
Inertial Technology
Issue Date29-May-2017
PublisherUniversidad Carlos III de Madrid
CitationMethods and Metrics for the Improvement of the Interactionand the Rehabilitation of Cerebral Palsy through Inertial Technology : 180 (2017)
AbstractCerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most limiting disabilities in childhood, with 2.2 cases per 1000 1-year survivors. It is a disorder of movement and posture due to a defect or lesion of the immature brain during the pregnancy or the birth. These motor limitations appear frequently in combination with sensory and cognitive alterations generally result in great di culties for some people with CP to manipulate ob jects, communicate and interact with their environment, as well as limiting their mobility . Over the last decades, instruments such as personal computers have become a popular tool to overcome some of the motor limitations and promote neural plasticity , especially during childhood. According to some estimations, 65% of youths with CP that present severely limited manipulation skills cannot use standard mice nor keyboards. Unfortunately , even when people with CP use assistive technology for computer access, they face barriers that lead to the use of typical mice, track balls or touch screens for practical reasons. Nevertheless, with the proper customization, novel developments of alternative input devices such as head mice or eye trackers can be a v aluable solution for these individuals. This thesis presents a collection of novel mapping functions and facilitation algorithms that were proposed and designed to ease the act of pointing to graphical elements on the screen|the most elemental task in human-computer interaction|to individuals with CP . These developments were implemented to be used with any head mouse, although they were all tested with the ENLAZA, an inertial interface. The development of such techniques required the following approach: - Developing a methodology to ev aluate the performance of individuals with CP in pointing tasks, which are usually described as two sequential subtasks: navigation and targeting. Identifying the main motor abnormalities that are present in individuals with CP as well as assessing the compliance of these people with standard motor behaviour models such as Fitts' law. - Designing and v alidating three novel pointing facilitation techniques to be implemented in a head mouse. They were conceived for users with CP and muscle weakness that have great di culties to maintain their heads in a stable position. The rst two algorithms consist in two novel mapping functions that aim to facilitate the navigation phase, whereas the third technique is based in gravity wells and was specially developed to facilitate the selection of elements in the screen. - In parallel with the development of the facilitation techniques for the interaction process, we ev aluated the feasibility of use inertial technology for the control of serious videogames as a complement to traditional rehabilitation therapies of posture and balance. The experimental v alidation here presented con rms that this concept could be implemented in clinical practice with good results. In summary , the works here presented prove the suitability of using inertial technology for the development of an alternative pointing device|and pointing algorithms|based on movements of the head for individuals with CP and severely limited manipulation skills and new rehabilitation therapies for the improvement of posture and balance. All the contributions were v alidated in collaboration with several centres specialized in CP and similar disorders and users with disability recruited in those centres.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/151572
Appears in Collections:(CAR) Tesis
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