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dc.contributor.authorŠmíd, Jiříes_ES
dc.contributor.authorShobrak, Mohammed Y.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorWilms, Thomases_ES
dc.contributor.authorJoger, Ulriches_ES
dc.contributor.authorCarranza, Salvadores_ES
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-13T12:21:54Z-
dc.date.available2017-06-13T12:21:54Z-
dc.date.issued2017-03-
dc.identifier.citationOrganisms Diversity & Evolution 17(1): 267–285 (2017)es_ES
dc.identifier.issn1439-6092-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/151388-
dc.description.abstractIn this study, we provide genetic, morphological, and geographical comparisons for 11 species of the southwestern Arabian radiation of Hemidactylus geckos, nine of which are endemic to the region. By using a coalescence-based species-tree reconstruction in combination with divergence time estimations and speciation probability testing, we show that most of the speciation events occurred in the Pliocene, which is more recent than previously thought based on calibrations of concatenated data sets. The current dating indicates that the changing climate at the beginning of the Pliocene, from hot and dry to cold and wet, is likely responsible for increased speciation in Hemidactylus. Analyses of geographic and altitudinal overlap of the species and their morphological differentiation show that most species do not occur in sympatry. Those that overlap geographically are usually differentiated by their altitudinal preference, head shape, body size, or their combination. Our results indicate that the topographically complex mountains of southwestern Arabia support a significant radiation of Hemidactylus geckos by allowing multiple allopatric speciation events to occur in a relatively small area. Consequently, we describe two new species endemic to the Asir Mountains of Saudi Arabia, H. alfarraji sp. n. and H. asirensis sp. n., and elevate two former subspecies of H. yerburii to a species level, H. montanus and H. pauciporosus.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipWe are thankful to the Deanship of academic research at the Taif University for funding and issuing collection permit for sampling in Saudi Arabia (Grant No. 1–433–2108). This work was supported by the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic under grant DKRVO 2016/15, National Museum, 00023272 (JŠ), and grant CGL2015-70390-P (MINECO-FEDER) (SC).es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherSpringeres_ES
dc.relationMINECO/ICTI2013-2016/CGL2015-70390-Pes_ES
dc.rightsclosedAccesses_ES
dc.subjectAllopatryes_ES
dc.subjectDiversityes_ES
dc.subjectGekkonidaees_ES
dc.subjectRadiationes_ES
dc.subjectSpecies delimitationes_ES
dc.subjectSpecies tree Speciationes_ES
dc.titleEndemic diversification in the mountains: genetic, morphological, and geographical differentiation of the Hemidactylus geckos in southwestern Arabiaes_ES
dc.typeartículoes_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s13127-016-0293-3-
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
dc.relation.publisherversionhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13127-016-0293-3es_ES
dc.identifier.e-issn1618-1077-
dc.contributor.funderTaif Universityes_ES
dc.contributor.funderMinistry of Culture (Czech Republic)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Economía y Competitividad (España)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commissiones_ES
dc.contributor.funderNational Museum (Czech Republic)es_ES
dc.relation.csices_ES
oprm.item.hasRevisionno ko 0 false*
dc.identifier.funderhttp://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100006261es_ES
dc.identifier.funderhttp://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100003329es_ES
dc.identifier.funderhttp://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000780es_ES
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