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Título

Glucose-dependent down regulation of glucagon gene expression mediated by selective interactions between ALX3 and PAX6 in mouse alpha cells

AutorMirasierra, Mercedes ; Vallejo, Mario
Palabras claveAlpha cells
Glucagon
Transcription
Glucose-dependent gene expression
Homeodomain
Paired domain
Fecha de publicación2016
EditorSpringer
CitaciónDiabetologia 59(4): 766-775 (2016)
Resumen[Aims/hypothesis]: The stimulation of glucagon secretion in response to decreased glucose levels has been studied extensively. In contrast, little is known about the regulation of glucagon gene expression in response to fluctuations in glucose concentration. Paired box 6 (PAX6) is a key transcription factor that regulates the glucagon promoter by binding to the G1 and G3 elements. Here, we investigated the role of the transcription factor aristaless-like homeobox 3 (ALX3) as a glucose-dependent modulator of PAX6 activity in alpha cells. [Methods]: Experiments were performed in wild-type or Alx3-deficient islets and alphaTC1 cells. We used chromatin immunoprecipitations and electrophoretic mobility shift assays for DNA binding, immunoprecipitations and pull-down assays for protein interactions, transfected cells for promoter activity, and small interfering RNA and quantitative RT-PCR for gene expression. [Results]: Elevated glucose concentration resulted in stimulated expression of Alx3 and decreased glucagon gene expression in wild-type islets. In ALX3-deficient islets, basal glucagon levels were non-responsive to changes in glucose concentration. In basal conditions ALX3 bound to the glucagon promoter at G3, but not at G1. ALX3 could form heterodimers with PAX6 that were permissive for binding to G3 but not to G1. Thus, increasing the levels of ALX3 in response to glucose resulted in the sequestration of PAX6 by ALX3 for binding to G1, thus reducing glucagon promoter activation and glucagon gene expression.
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-015-3849-4
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/150997
DOI10.1007/s00125-015-3849-4
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1007/s00125-015-3849-4
e-issn: 1432-0428
issn: 0012-186X
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