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Role of NOD1 in heart failure progression via regulation of Ca2+ handling

AuthorsVal-Blasco, Almudena; Ruiz-Hurtado, Gema; Prieto, Patricia ; González-Ramos, Silvia; Gómez-Hurtado, Nieves; Delgado, Carmen ; Benito, Gemma; Zaragoza, Carlos; López-Collazo, Eduardo; Boscá, Lisardo ; Fernández-Velasco, María
KeywordsInnate immune system
Myocardial infarction
Cardiac dysfunction
Cardiac arrhythmia
Ryanodine receptor
Issue Date2017
CitationJournal of the American College of Cardiology 69(4): 423-433 (2017)
Abstract[Background]: Heart failure (HF) is a complex syndrome associated with a maladaptive innate immune system response that leads to deleterious cardiac remodeling. However, the underlying mechanisms of this syndrome are poorly understood. Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 1 (NOD1) is a newly recognized innate immune sensor involved in cardiovascular diseases. [Objectives]: This study evaluated the role of NOD1 in HF progression. [Methods]: NOD1 was examined in human failing myocardium and in a post-myocardial infarction (PMI) HF model evaluated in wild-type (wt-PMI) and Nod1 mice (Nod1-PMI). [Results]: The NOD1 pathway was up-regulated in human and murine failing myocardia. Compared with wt-PMI, hearts from Nod1-PMI mice had better cardiac function and attenuated structural remodeling. Ameliorated cardiac function in Nod1-PMI mice was associated with prevention of Ca dynamic impairment linked to HF, including smaller and longer intracellular Ca concentration transients and a lesser sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca load due to a down-regulation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca-adenosine triphosphatase pump and by augmented levels of the Na/Ca exchanger. Increased diastolic Ca release in wt-PMI cardiomyocytes was related to hyperphosphorylation of ryanodine receptors, which was blunted in Nod1-PMI cardiomyocytes. Pharmacological blockade of NOD1 also prevented Ca mishandling in wt-PMI mice. Nod1-PMI mice showed significantly fewer ventricular arrhythmias and lower mortality after isoproterenol administration. These effects were associated with lower aberrant systolic Ca release and with a prevention of the hyperphosphorylation of ryanodine receptors under isoproterenol administration in Nod1-PMI mice. [Conclusions]: NOD1 modulated intracellular Ca mishandling in HF, emerging as a new target for HF therapy.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2016.10.073
e-issn: 1558-3597
issn: 0735-1097
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