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Open Sesame: How transition fibers and the transition zone control ciliary composition

AutorGarcia-Gonzalo, Francesc R.; Reiter, Jeremy F.
Fecha de publicación2017
EditorCold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Press
CitaciónCold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology 9(2): a028134 (2017)
ResumenCilia are plasma membrane protrusions that act as cellular propellers or antennae. To perform these functions, cilia must maintain a composition distinct from those of the contiguous cytosol and plasma membrane. The specialized composition of the cilium depends on the ciliary gate, the region at the ciliary base separating the cilium from the rest of the cell. The ciliary gate’s main structural features are electron dense struts connecting microtubules to the adjacent membrane. These structures include the transition fibers, which connect the distal basal body to the base of the ciliary membrane, and the Y-links, which connect the proximal axoneme and ciliary membrane within the transition zone. Both transition fibers and Y-links form early during ciliogenesis and play key roles in ciliary assembly and trafficking. Accordingly, many human ciliopathies are caused by mutations that perturb ciliary gate function.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/150824
DOI10.1101/cshperspect.a028134
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a028134
e-issn: 1943-0264
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