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APPL1 gates long-term potentiation through its plekstrin homology domain

AutorFernández-Monreal, Mónica ; Sánchez-Castillo, Carla; Esteban, José A.
Palabras claveTrafficking
Synaptic plasticity
Fecha de publicación31-may-2016
EditorCompany of Biologists
CitaciónJournal of Cell Science 129: 2793- 2803 (2016)
ResumenHippocampal synaptic plasticity involves both membrane trafficking events and intracellular signaling, but how these are coordinated is far from clear. The endosomal transport of glutamate receptors in and out of the postsynaptic membrane responds to multiple signaling cascades triggered by synaptic activity. In this work, we have identified adaptor protein containing a plekstrin homology domain, phosphotyrosine-binding domain and leucine zipper motif 1 (APPL1) as a crucial element linking trafficking and signaling during synaptic plasticity.We show that APPL1 knockdown specifically impairs PI3Kdependent forms of synaptic plasticity, such as long-term potentiation (LTP) and metabotropic-glutamate-receptor-dependent long-term depression (mGluR-LTD). Indeed, we demonstrate that APPL1 is required for the activation of the phosphatidylinositol triphosphate (PIP) pathway in response to LTP induction. This requirement can be bypassed by membrane localization of PI3K and is related to phosphoinositide binding. Interestingly, inhibitors of PDK1 (also known as PDPK1) and Akt have no effect on LTP expression. Therefore, we conclude that APPL1 gates PI3K activation at the plasma membrane upon LTP induction, which is then relayed by downstream PIP effectors that are different from PDK1 and Akt.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1242/jcs.183475
issn: 1477-9137
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