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Evaluation of the intestinal permeability of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) extract polyphenols and terpenoids in Caco-2 cell monolayers

AutorPérez-Sánchez, Almudena; Borrás-Linares, Isabel; Ibáñez, Elena ; Segura-Carretero, Antonio; Micol, Vicente
Fecha de publicación2017
EditorPublic Library of Science
CitaciónPLoS ONE 12(2): e0172063 (2017)
ResumenRosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is grown throughout the world and is widely used as a medicinal herb and to season and preserve food. Rosemary polyphenols and terpenoids have attracted great interest due to their potential health benefits. However, complete information regarding their absorption and bioavailability in Caco-2 cell model is scarce. The permeation properties of the bioactive compounds (flavonoids, diterpenes, triterpenes and phenylpropanoids) of a rosemary extract (RE), obtained by supercritical fluid extraction, was studied in Caco-2 cell monolayer model, both in a free form or liposomed. Compounds were identified and quantitated by liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry analysis (HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS), and the apparent permeability values (P) were determined, for the first time in the extract, for 24 compounds in both directions across cell monolayer. For some compounds, such as triterpenoids and some flavonoids, P values found were reported for the first time in Caco-2 cells.Our results indicate that most compounds are scarcely absorbed, and passive diffusion is suggested to be the primary mechanism of absorption. The use of liposomes to vehiculize the extract resulted in reduced permeability for most compounds. Finally, the biopharmaceutical classification (BCS) of all the compounds was achieved according to their permeability and solubility data for bioequivalence purposes. BCS study reveal that most of the RE compounds could be classified as classes III and IV (low permeability); therefore, RE itself should also be classified into this category.
DescripciónThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.-- et al.
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172063
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/150557
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0172063
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172063
e-issn: 1932-6203
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