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Título

Optimization of the production and characterization of lipase from Candida rugosa and Geotrichum candidum in soybean molasses by submerged fermentation

AutorMorais Júnior, Wilson Galvão de; Pessela, Benevides C.
Palabras claveSoybean molasses
Candida rugosa
Submerged fermentation
Lipase
Geotrichum candidum
Fecha de publicación2016
EditorElsevier
CitaciónProtein Expression and Purification 123: 26-34 (2016)
ResumenThis present work describes the production and biochemical characterization of lipase by Candida rugosa and Geotrichum candidum in a culture supplemented with soybean molasses. After optimizing the fermentation times for both microorganisms, the effects of changing the soybean molasses concentration, the fermentative medium pH and the fermentation temperature were evaluated using the Central Composite Planning. When soybean molasses was used at a concentration of 200 g/L at 27 ± 1 °C and pH 3.5, the lipolytic activity measured in the broth was 12.3 U/mL after 12 h for C. rugosa and 11.48 U/mL after 24 h for G. candidum. The molecular masses were 38.3 kDa to G. candidum lipase and 59.7 kDa to C. rugosa lipase, determined by SDS-PAGE. The lipase from both microorganisms exhibited maximal hydrolytic activity at a temperature of 40 °C and were inhibited at pH 10.0. Using different concentration of p-nitrophenylbutyrate (p-NPB), the kinetic parameters were calculated, as follows: the Km of lipase from G. candidum was 465.44 μM and the Vmax 0.384 μmol/min; the Km and Vmax of lipase from C. rugosa were 129.21 μM and 0.034 μmol/min, respectively. Lipases activity were increased by metallic ions Mg2+ and Na+ and inhibited by metallic ion Cu3+.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/150529
DOI10.1016/j.pep.2016.04.001
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.pep.2016.04.001
issn: 1046-5928
e-issn: 1096-0279
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