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Chemical abundances of the damped Lyman alpha systems in the XQ-100 survey

AutorBerg, T. A. M.; Sánchez Ramírez, Rubén ; Worsek, G.
Palabras claveAbsorption lines
Galaxies: abundances
Galaxies: iSM
Galaxies: high redshift
Fecha de publicación2016
EditorOxford University Press
CitaciónMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 463: 3021- 3037 (2016)
ResumenThe XQ-100 survey has provided high signal-noise spectra of 100 redshift 3-4.5 quasars with the X-Shooter spectrograph. The metal abundances for 13 elements in the 41 damped Ly ¿ systems (DLAs) identified in the XQ-100 sample are presented, and an investigation into abundances of a variety of DLA classes is conducted. The XQ-100 DLA sample contains five DLAs within 5000 km s-1 of their host quasar (proximate DLAs; PDLAs) as well as three sightlines which contain two DLAs within 10 000 km s-1 of each other along the same line of sight (multiple DLAs; MDLAs). Combined with previous observations in the literature, we demonstrate that PDLAs with log N(H I) ¿ 21.0 show lower [S/H] and [Fe/H] [relative to intervening systems with similar redshift and N(H I)], whilst higher [S/H] and [Si/H] are seen in PDLAs with log N(H I) ¿ 21.0. These abundance discrepancies are independent of their line-of-sight velocity separation from the host quasar, and the velocity width of the metal lines (v90). Contrary to previous studies, MDLAs show no difference in [¿/Fe] relative to single DLAs matched in metallicity and redshift. In addition, we present follow-up UVES data of J0034+1639, a sightline containing three DLAs, including a metal-poor DLA with [Fe/H] = -2.82 (the third lowest [Fe/H] in DLAs identified to date) at zabs = 4.25. Lastly we study the dust-corrected [Zn/Fe], emphasizing that near-IR coverage of X-Shooter provides unprecedented access to Mg II, Ca II and Ti II lines (at redshifts 3-4) to provide additional evidence for subsolar [Zn/Fe] ratio in DLAs. © 2016, The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1093/mnras/stw2232
issn: 0035-8711
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