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Title

Assessment of Anti-Influenza activity and hemagglutination inhibition of Plumbago indica and Allium sativum extracts

AuthorsChavan, Rahul Dilip; Shinde, Pramod; Girkar, Kaustubh; Madage, Rajendra; Chowdhary, Abhay
KeywordsAllium sativum
Anti-influenza activity
Cytotoxicity
Hemagglutination
Plumbago indica
Issue Date2016
PublisherMedknow Publications
CitationPharmacognosy Research 8(2): 105-111 (2016)
Abstract[Background] Human influenza is a seasonal disease associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Anti-flu ayurvedic/herbal medicines have played a significant role in fighting the virus pandemic. Plumbagin and allicin are commonly used ingredients in many therapeutic remedies, either alone or in conjunction with other natural substances. Evidence suggests that these extracts are associated with a variety of pharmacological activities.
[Objective] To evaluate anti-influenza activity from Plumbago indica and Allium sativum extract against Influenza A (H1N1)pdm09.
[Materials and Methods] Different extraction procedures were used to isolate the active ingredient in the solvent system, and quantitative HPLTC confirms the presence of plumbagin and allicin. The cytotoxicity was carried out on Madin-Darby Canine kidney cells, and the 50% cytotoxic concentration (CC50) values were below 20 mg/mL for both plant extracts. To assess the anti-influenza activity, two assays were employed, simultaneous and posttreatment assay.
[Results] A. sativum methanolic and ethanolic extracts showed only 14% reduction in hemagglutination in contrast to P. indica which exhibited 100% reduction in both simultaneous and posttreatment assay at concentrations of 10 mg/mL, 5 mg/mL, and 1 mg/mL.
[Conclusions] Our results suggest that P. indica extracts are good candidates for anti-influenza therapy and should be used in medical treatment after further research.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.4103/0974-8490.172562
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/149888
DOI10.4103/0974-8490.172562
ISSN0976-4836
E-ISSN0974-8490
Appears in Collections:(IBE) Artículos
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