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Title

Effect of dolomite decomposition under CO2 on its multicycle CO2 capture behaviour under calcium looping conditions

AuthorsCalle, Antonio de la; Valverde, J. M.; Sánchez-Jiménez, P.E. ; Perejón, Antonio ; García-Garrido, Cristina; Pérez-Maqueda, Luis A.
Issue Date2016
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (UK)
CitationPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics 18: 16325- 16336 (2016)
AbstractOne of the major drawbacks that hinder the industrial competitiveness of the calcium looping (CaL) process for CO capture is the high temperature (∼930-950 °C) needed in practice to attain full calcination of limestone in a high CO partial pressure environment for short residence times as required. In this work, the multicycle CO capture performance of dolomite and limestone is analysed under realistic CaL conditions and using a reduced calcination temperature of 900 °C, which would serve to mitigate the energy penalty caused by integration of the CaL process into fossil fuel fired power plants. The results show that the fundamental mechanism of dolomite decomposition under CO has a major influence on its superior performance compared to limestone. The inert MgO grains resulting from dolomite decomposition help preserve a nanocrystalline CaO structure wherein carbonation in the solid-state diffusion controlled phase is promoted. The major role played by the dolomite decomposition mechanism under CO is clearly demonstrated by the multicycle CaO conversion behaviour observed for samples decomposed at different preheating rates. Limestone decomposition at slow heating rates yields a highly crystalline and poorly reactive CaCO structure that requires long periods to fully decarbonate and shows a severely reduced capture capacity in subsequent cycles. On the other hand, the nascent CaCO produced after dolomite half-decomposition consists of nanosized crystals with a fast decarbonation kinetics regardless of the preheating rate, thus fully decomposing from the very first cycle at a reduced calcination temperature into a CaO skeleton with enhanced reactivity as compared to limestone derived CaO.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/149742
DOI10.1039/c6cp01149g
Identifiersdoi: 10.1039/c6cp01149g
issn: 1463-9076
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