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Title

A fully automated method for simultaneous determination of aflatoxins and ochratoxin A in dried fruits by pressurized liquid extraction and online solid-phase extraction cleanup coupled to ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

AuthorsCampone, Luca; Piccinelli, Anna Lisa; Valdés, Alberto ; Ibáñez, Clara
KeywordsAflatoxins
Dried fruit
UHPLC–MS/MS
Online SPE
Ochratoxin A
PLE
Issue Date2015
PublisherSpringer
CitationAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 407(10): 2899-2911 (2015)
AbstractAccording to current demands and future perspectives in food safety, this study reports a fast and fully automated analytical method for the simultaneous analysis of the mycotoxins with high toxicity and wide spread, aflatoxins (AFs) and ochratoxin A (OTA) in dried fruits, a high-risk foodstuff. The method is based on pressurized liquid extraction (PLE), with aqueous methanol (30 %) at 110 °C, of the slurried dried fruit and online solid-phase extraction (online SPE) cleanup of the PLE extracts with a C18 cartridge. The purified sample was directly analysed by ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) for sensitive and selective determination of AFs and OTA. The proposed analytical procedure was validated for different dried fruits (vine fruit, fig and apricot), providing method detection and quantification limits much lower than the AFs and OTA maximum levels imposed by EU regulation in dried fruit for direct human consumption. Also, recoveries (83-103 %) and repeatability (RSD¿<¿8, n¿=¿3) meet the performance criteria required by EU regulation for the determination of the levels of mycotoxins in foodstuffs. The main advantage of the proposed method is full automation of the whole analytical procedure that reduces the time and cost of the analysis, sample manipulation and solvent consumption, enabling high-throughput analysis and highly accurate and precise results.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/149720
DOI10.1007/s00216-015-8518-4
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s00216-015-8518-4
issn: 1618-2642
e-issn: 1618-2650
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