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Advances in the Fabrication of Antimicrobial Hydrogels for Biomedical Applications

AuthorsGonzález-Henríquez, Carmen M.; Sarabia-Vallejos, Mauricio A.; Rodríguez-Hernández, Juan
Issue Date26-Feb-2017
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationMaterials 10 (3): 232 (2017)
AbstractThis review describes, in an organized manner, the recent developments in the elaboration of hydrogels that possess antimicrobial activity. The fabrication of antibacterial hydrogels for biomedical applications that permits cell adhesion and proliferation still remains as an interesting challenge, in particular for tissue engineering applications. In this context, a large number of studies has been carried out in the design of hydrogels that serve as support for antimicrobial agents (nanoparticles, antibiotics, etc.). Another interesting approach is to use polymers with inherent antimicrobial activity provided by functional groups contained in their structures, such as quaternary ammonium salt or hydrogels fabricated from antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) or natural polymers, such as chitosan. A summary of the different alternatives employed for this purpose is described in this review, considering their advantages and disadvantages. Finally, more recent methodologies that lead to more sophisticated hydrogels that are able to react to external stimuli are equally depicted in this review.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.3390/ma10030232
Identifiersdoi: 10.3390/ma10030232
Appears in Collections:(ICTP) Artículos
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