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High-pressure optical and vibrational properties of InN and InGaN

AutorOliva Vidal, Robert
DirectorIbáñez Insa, Jordi
Palabras claveIndium nitride
high-pressure
indium gallium nitride
Fecha de publicación11-oct-2016
EditorUniversidad de Barcelona
ResumenThis thesis is devoted to the study of the optical and vibrational properties of indium nitride (InN) and indium gallium nitride (InGaN) at room and high-pressure conditions. For this purpose, we have employed spectroscopic tools such as absorption spectroscopy or Raman scattering in order to investigate a series of InN and InGaN thin films grown with different methods and on different substrates. For the high-pressure measurements, we have employed the diamond anvil cell technique. High-pressure optical absorption experiments on InN epilayers have allowed us to observe the direct-to-indirect bandgap transition at 15 GPa, where wurtzite InN (w-InN) transits to the rocksalt polymorph (rs-InN). Investigating w-InN samples with different levels of residual electron density, we have been able to estimate the bandgap pressure coefficient of intrinsic w-InN (32 meV/GPa). In addition, we have measured the indirect bandgap of rs-InN and its pressure dependence. We have also performed FTIR reflectivity measurements to determine the pressure dependence of the refractive index of w-InN and rs-InN. By fitting the experimental results with a model for the dielectric function, we have determined the pressure coefficient of the high-frequency dielectric constant of both phases. The pressure coefficient of the phonon frequencies of w-InN and their respective mode Grüneisen parameters have been measured by high-pressure Raman spectroscopy. After the wurtzite-to-rocksalt phase transition and the rocksalt-to-wurtzite backtransition upon decompression, the Raman features of both (amorphized) phases have been assigned in terms of first-principle lattice-dynamics calculations. Raman measurements on a heavily doped n-type sample have allowed us to detect a longitudinal-optical plasmon coupled mode, from which we have evaluated the pressure dependence of the electron effective mass of w-InN. With the aim of comparing the pressure behavior of the optical modes of rs-InN with that of a material exhibiting the rocksalt structure at ambient conditions, a high-pressure Raman-scattering study on rocksalt CdO is also presented.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/149125
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