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Large differences in gene expression responses to drought and heat stress between elite barley cultivar scarlett and a spanish landrace

AuthorsPérez Cantalapiedra, Carlos ; García-Pererira, M. J.; Gracia Gimeno, María Pilar ; Igartua Arregui, Ernesto ; Casas Cendoya, Ana María ; Contreras-Moreira, Bruno
transcriptome profiling
gene expression
Issue DateMay-2017
PublisherFrontiers Media
CitationCantalapiedra CP, García-Pereira MJ, Gracia MP, Igartua E, Casas AM, Contreras-Moreira B. Large differences in gene expression responses to drought and heat stress between elite barley cultivar scarlett and a spanish landrace. Frontiers in Plant Science 8: 647, doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.00647 (2017)
AbstractDrought causes important losses in crop production every season. Improvement for drought tolerance could take advantage of the diversity held in germplasm collections, much of which has not been incorporated yet into modern breeding. Spanish landraces constitute a promising resource for barley breeding, as they were widely grown until last century and still show good yielding ability under stress. Here, we study the transcriptome expression landscape in two genotypes, an outstanding Spanish landrace-derived inbred line (SBCC073) and a modern cultivar (Scarlett). Gene expression of adult plants after prolonged stresses, either drought or drought combined with heat, was monitored. Transcriptome of mature leaves presented little changes under severe drought, whereas abundant gene expression changes were observed under combined mild drought and heat. Developing inflorescences of SBCC073 exhibited mostly unaltered gene expression, whereas numerous changes were found in the same tissues for Scarlett. Genotypic differences in physiological traits and gene expression patterns confirmed the different behavior of landrace SBCC073 and cultivar Scarlett under abiotic stress, suggesting that they responded to stress following different strategies. A comparison with related studies in barley, addressing gene expression responses to drought, revealed common biological processes, but moderate agreement regarding individual differentially expressed transcripts. Special emphasis was put in the search of co-expressed genes and underlying common regulatory motifs. Overall, 11 transcription factors were identified, and one of them matched cis-regulatory motifs discovered upstream of co-expressed genes involved in those responses.
Description23 Pags.- 6 Tabls.- 8 Figs. Copyright © 2017 Cantalapiedra, García-Pereira, Gracia, Igartua, Casas and Contreras-Moreira. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forms is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
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