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Importance of layer thermal conductivity on the sharpness of patterns produced by laser interference

AuthorsPeláez, Ramón J. ; Afonso, Carmen N. ; Škeren, M.; Bulír, J.
KeywordsLaser interference
Thermal conductivity
Metal layers
Issue Date15-Sep-2015
CitationApplied Surface Science 374: 61-64 (2016)
AbstractIn this work, we compare patterns produced in Ag layers having similar thickness in the range 8.3-10.8 nm but having different initial nanostructure, i.e. behaving either as discontinuous or continuous layers and thus having very different thermal conductivities. The patterns are produced by exposing a phase mask to an excimer laser operating at 193 nm and using a projection optics that leads to similar fringed patterns with periods in the range 6.3-6.7 μm. The layer breaks up into isolated NPs due to laser induced melting at the regions around the intensity maxima sites. The resulting fringes have sharp interfaces in the case of discontinuous layers while a variety of regions across the pattern with no sharp interfaces are produced in the case of continuous layers. The results show that while the temperature distribution across the pattern matches almost perfectly the laser beam intensity profile for the former case, it becomes smeared due to lateral heat flow for the latter case. These results provide evidences for significant heating at the intensity minima sites that lead to solid-state dewetting and will eventually limit the minimum period achievable in the case of continuous metal layers or thermally conducting layers. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Description4 págs.; 4 figs.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.09.110
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.09.110
issn: 0169-4332
Appears in Collections:(CFMAC-IO) Artículos
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