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Effect of synthesis conditions on electrical and catalytical properties of perovskites with high value of A-site cation size mismatch

AutorVidal, Karmele; Larrañaga, Aitor; Morán-Ruiz, Aroa; Laguna-Bercero, M. A.; Arriortua, María Isabel
Palabras clavePerovskite phases
SOFC cathode material
Electrical conductivity
Chemical synthesis
Catalytic CO oxidation
Fecha de publicación2016
CitaciónInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy 41(43): 19810-19818 (2016)
ResumenThe perovskite La0.15Sm0.35Sr0.08Ba0.42FeO3-δ has been prepared by the glycine nitrate route, varying the calcination temperature, fuel/oxidizer ratio and cooling rate, in order to study the sample preparation influence on the properties in the context of their application as a electrode material for SOFCs. The obtained materials have been characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, electrical and BET surface area measurements, and also the reaction between oxygen and CO, which can occur in SOFCs during the conversion of chemical energy into electrical energy. As overall results, all the samples present a phase segregation showing two perovskites with rhombohedral structure. SEM images show a well-necked morphology of the powders which are composed of nanosized particles and agglomerations of grains. The BET specific surface area of the samples decreases as calcination temperature increases, as well as for the quenched sample. The measured electronic conductivity values (<50 S/cm) are characteristic for samples with these high values of σ(r) (A cation size disorder). The catalytic activity tests for the CO oxidation reaction showed a T50% (“light-off temperature”, defined as the temperature at which 50% conversion of CO is achieved) value about 440°C–450 °C, CO conversion reaching 100% at approximately 600 °C for all the prepared perovskites. Then, for the La0.15Sm0.35Sr0.08Ba0.42FeO3-δ perovskite, CO conversion temperature is lower than usual SOFCs operating temperature. This points out to the technological interest of these materials in the framework of reducing the operating temperature of SOFCs.
Descripciónet al.
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.02.088
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.02.088
issn: 0360-3199
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