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On the formation of gold nanoparticles from [AuIIICl4]- and a non-classical reduced polyoxomolybdate as an electron source: a quantum mechanical modelling and experimental study

AutorLang, Zhongling; Maicas Gabas, Isabel; López, Xavier; Clotet, Anna; Fuente, Jesús M. de la; Mitchell, Scott G.; Poblet, Josep M.
Fecha de publicación2016
EditorRoyal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)
CitaciónNew Journal of Chemistry 40(2): 1029-1038 (2016)
ResumenPolyoxometalate (POM)-mediated reduction and nucleation mechanisms in nanoparticle (NP) syntheses are still largely unknown. We carried out comprehensive theoretical analysis using density functional theory (DFT) to gain insight into the molecular and electronic changes that occur during the reduction of HAuCl with the Kabanos-type polyoxomolybdate, [Na{(MoV2O)(μ-O)(μ-SO)(μ-SO)}]. In the system presented herein the electrons are supplied by the POM, making the computational thermodynamic analysis more feasible. Our results reveal that this particular POM is a multi-electron source and the proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) greatly promotes the reduction process. Based on the energy and molecular orbital studies of the intermediate species the reduction of Au to Au is shown to be thermodynamically favourable, and a low HOMO-LUMO gap of the POM-Au superstructure is advantageous for electron transfer. By modelling the reduction of three couples of Au → Au by the same POM unit, it is proposed that the reduced polyoxomolybdate is finally fully oxidised. The subjacent idea of using the Kabanos POM was confirmed by comprehensive experimental characterisation of POM-stabilised gold nanoparticles (AuNPs@POM). Present theoretical analysis suggests that protons have a significant influence on the final Au to Au reduction step that ultimately leads to colloidal AuNPs@POM.
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1039/c5nj02773j
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1039/c5nj02773j
e-issn: 1369-9261
issn: 1144-0546
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